Borrowers who find the appraised value of the home is lower than the asking price will either need to make up the difference in case, renegotiate with the seller, or walk away from the deal. The difference between the asking price and the sales price can't be rolled into the loan amount.
FHA mortgage appraisals are more rigorous than standard home appraisals. Whether you're looking at refinancing an FHA loan, buying a house with an FHA loan or even selling to someone who will be using an FHA loan, you'll want to understand what these appraisals entail.
Generally, the best-case scenario is to ask the seller to lower the price to match the appraised value. That way, the deal can move forward. This is in everyone's best interest. After all, the homeowners probably want to sell the property as much as you want to buy it.
Any buyer who wants an FHA-backed loan has to use that appraisal amount during that time. This is bad news for the seller, as lenders aren't going to offer more than the appraised value. It's also bad news for the buyer if the seller refuses to go down on the price.
If the appraisal comes in lower than the purchase price, your lender will likely decrease the amount you can borrow. So you'll either have to pay more out of pocket or get the seller to lower their asking price.
Therefore, the appraiser will most likely know the selling price of a home but this is not always the case. There are times that we have appraised properties for private sales where both the buyer and seller have declined to provide this information.
As a buyer, if the appraisal comes in low your options are to appeal it, request a second appraisal if you suspect there are flaws in the first one, negotiate the purchase price and/or bring more cash to the table. Have more questions around appraisals? You should talk to your real estate agent about the process.
Reasons Sellers Don't Like FHA Loans
Both reasons have to do with the strict guidelines imposed because FHA loans are government-insured loans. For one, if the home is appraised for less than the agreed-upon price, the seller must reduce the selling price to match the appraised price, or the deal will fall through.
Homes Must Be Primarily Residential
It is possible to purchase a mixed-use property using an FHA home loan and its' low down payment requirements, but if the home is not primarily used as a residence and has 50% or more floor space taken up by non-residential use it cannot qualify for an FHA mortgage.
If a borrower has insufficient funds to cover the down payment and/or closing costs, the FHA loan might fall through. Lenders usually discover this kind of issue on the front end, when the borrower first applies for a loan.
Homebuyers who are able to waive contract contingencies are those who pay cash or use conventional financing. In contrast, FHA and VA buyers are not able to waive the appraisal or inspection contract contingencies according to FHA and VA guidelines.
With a VA or FHA loan, the appraisal contingency is automatically built-in to the financing contingency. However, with a conventional loan, it is a separate contingency. No matter which loan program you choose, the lender will require an appraisal as part of the loan in order to approve it.
“The lender's underwriter” can request a reconsideration of value from the FHA Roster appraiser. This means that an FHA loan applicant who disagrees with the appraisal would need to discuss the situation with the lender. That doesn't guarantee that an appeal or reconsideration of value will be submitted.
An FHA appraisal will typically result in a lower home value than a conventional appraisal. This is because the FHA has stricter guidelines for what properties they will insure.
Another common question is: How long does the FHA home appraisal process take? In most cases, the appraisal can be completed within a matter of days. But this will depend on the appraiser's workload, efficiency, and other factors. The property visit itself usually only takes a few hours.
When you apply for this type of mortgage, the underwriter will make sure that your application meets both the lender's standards as well as the standards set forth by the FHA. FHA loans take an average of 55 days to close. For home purchases, the average is 54 days.
The overall structure of the property must be in good enough condition to keep its occupants safe. This means severe structural damage, leakage, dampness, decay or termite damage can cause the property to fail inspection. In such a case, repairs must be made in order for the FHA loan to move forward.
How often do underwriters deny loans? Underwriters deny loans about 9% of the time. The most common reason for denial is that the borrower has too much debt, but even an incomplete loan package can lead to denial.
Sellers often prefer conventional buyers because of their own financial views. Because a conventional loan typically requires higher credit and more money down, sellers often deem these reasons as a lower risk to default and traits of a trustworthy buyer.
Strengthening an offer
Increasing the deposit, if possible, can often make an offer more appealing to sellers. Writing a letter to the sellers about how much you love their home can sometimes help, too, although these “love letters” do not always make it to the seller.
The only thing that sellers might view as a negative aspect when selling a property to someone who is financing their purchase with an FHA loan is the fact that sellers are required to pay the tax service fee.
How often do home appraisals come in low? Low home appraisals do not occur often. According to Fannie Mae, appraisals come in low less than 8 percent of the time, and many of these low appraisals are renegotiated higher after an appeal, Graham says.
A low appraisal could be very good for you as the home buyer — if the seller decides to lower the price to match the appraisal. However, you're taking a risk when the appraisal doesn't support the asking price. It could mean that the house is actually a lemon.
The short answer is yes. Many lenders take market conditions into account when making lending decisions, and in a strong seller's market, they may approve loans for buyers whose offers surpass appraised values, but depending on the loan to value your mortgage terms may need to be adjusted.